Oral health resources

How to brush your teeth


Daily brushing and cleaning between your teeth is important because it removes plaque. If the plaque isn’t removed, it builds up and can cause tooth decay and gum disease. You should brush your teeth at least twice a day and toothbrushes should be replaced every 3-4 months, or when the bristles get worn or frayed.

The five steps below show you how to brush your teeth correctly.

  1. Aim the toothbrush at a 45 degree angle towards the gum line.

  2. Use a pea-sized amount of toothpaste.

  3. Use a gentle circular motion.

  4. Repeat on the inside surfaces.

  5. Use a light back and forth motion on the chewing surfaces.
  6. Spit out the toothpaste after brushing.
    You do not need to rinse, as the small amount of fluoridated toothpaste left in your mouth after spitting continues to protect against tooth decay.

Electric toothbrushes also do a
good job of cleaning teeth.

      How to brush your teeth
'How to' dental information

How to brush charts are also available in Arabic, Chinese, Somali, Turkish or Vietnamese from our translated materials page.